Young girl in front of an EU flag

What is the European Union? How does it work? That makes?

Four decades walking together in Europe

The European Union is a unique political and economic association

History (Part Two)

Six years later, these signatory countries of the ECSC signed the Treaties of Rome, which established the European Economic Community (EEC) and the European Atomic Energy Community (EAEC). The European Economic Community established the most ambitious and general objectives, proposing a common market that would guarantee the free movement of goods, services, people and capital, and progressively approximate the economic policies of the Member States.

The Treaties of Paris and Rome established the foundations for a community architecture and on April 8, 1965, the Treaty was signed in Brussels. Treaty of fusion of the Executives, which established a single Council and a single Commission for the three Communities. A European Parliament and a Court of Justice were also created, and these institutions were joined, in 1975, by the Court of Auditors, with the mission of carrying out external control of the community budget.

The positive effects that the creation of the European Communities had for the Member States led other European countries to apply for membership, joining in different phases United Kingdom, Ireland, Denmark, Greece, Spain, Portugal, Austria, Sweden, Finland, Poland, Hungary, Czech Republic, Slovakia, Slovenia, Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania, Malta, Cyprus, Romania and Bulgaria and, finally, on January 1, 2013, the seventh enlargement took place with the accession of Croatia.

In June 2016, British citizens decided in a referendum to leave their country from the European Union, which became effective on January 31, 2020, bringing the EU to 27 member countries. 

HISTORY OF THE EUROPEAN UNION

The history of the European Union [Chronology], Portal Europe

The founding fathers of the EU, Portal Europe

EU treaties, Portal Europe

Areas of action of the EU

Introduction: areas of EU action

The EU acts in practically all areas of our life: rural areas, trade, competition, consumption, culture, environment, justice, health, transport, etc.

What Europe does for me