The parish church of the Assumption of Our Lady in Robledo de Chavela
The parish church of the Assumption of Our Lady of Robledo de Chavela
The parish church of the Assumption of Our Lady in Robledo de Chavela
The parish church of the Assumption of Our Lady of Robledo de Chavela
The parish church of the Assumption of Our Lady in Robledo de Chavela

Parish Church of the Assumption of Our Lady of Robledo de Chavela

Asset of Cultural Interest in the category of Monument

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On the lower walls of the nave, new walls were subsequently erected on its north, south and west facades, made of irregular ashlar masonry, masonry on the south wall, ashlar on the north wall and ashlar on the west wall, which end in a cornice with Nacela profile that seems to be from a later invoice. They were reinforced by buttresses, two on the north and south walls and another two on the angles that they form with the west façade; made of ashlar of certain irregularity and thick grouting, they present a rectangular section that develops on a base that ends in a scribbled molding; at mid-height they are divided by means of an impost with a nacelle profile, to finish at the height of the cornice with a chamfered finish covered with Arabic tile. 

The header and the previous section are made up of walls of concerted masonry made up of granite pieces of variable dimensions with mortar decorated with inlays of small pieces of iron slag that protrude from the mortar. It sits on a plinth, which adapts to the unevenness of the terrain, also made of concerted masonry, topped by a molding formed by a cord and a fourth round of ashlar masonry (currently it has a modern grouting, but possibly it would have slag decoration). 

This area is reinforced by eight buttresses with a quadrangular plan executed with a masonry factory decorated with slag in the joints and pieces of ashlar masonry in the corners. In the lower part, these sit on a slightly highlighted plinth, from which the buttress develops in height, interrupted by a scribbled molding that is prolonged by the facings of the head and transept, until reaching a level where its profile changes to give rise to eight garitones of ultrasemicircular plant. They are cylindrical bodies built in granite ashlar masonry, in which a gargoyle is located on a bracket in each one of them, decorated at their base with a series of scribbled moldings. In the sections between the garitones there is a succession of lowered ashlar arches with a groined profile, which are supported by the perimeter walls and a quadrangular embrasure opens on the intrados. Above the arches and garitones there was a round walk with a higher wall as a parapet, the top of which has been greatly transformed, which gave the church the appearance of a fortress. 

On the north façade, next to the last buttress of the straight section and protruding from the line of the wall, there is a spindle that houses a spiral staircase that leads to the back of the vaults of the head, and which originally would also communicate with the promenade round. Next to the spindle, at mid-height, there is a shallow machicolation with a loophole, which rests on two corbels with a quarter-round profile, whose function is unknown. 

At the foot of the church on the axis there is a tower of more than 30 meters high, with a square plan built in ashlar masonry and ashlar. It is made up of four different bodies separated by impost lines, and ends in a body of bells with two semi-circular holes on three sides and one on the fourth, crowned by a balustrade with eight pinnacles on pedestals. It has a solid lower body of ashlar, pierced by a tunnel covered with a pointed half-barrel vault, made with well squared ashlars. The entrance is through a pointed arch located in the second body, four meters from the ground, which leads to a staircase that communicates with a room of remarkable height covered with a pointed half-barrel vault built with ashlar masonry; in it a Renaissance window opens. A stone staircase attached to the walls leads to the third body, crenellated, with thick buttresses (merlones) three meters high that supported a pyramidal wooden roof; two holes are opened in the north, east and west walls and one in the south wall.

Inside, the church has a large nave made up of three rectangular sections of different sizes, and a polygonal apse with five sides, partially hidden by a Spanish-Flemish altarpiece, preceded by a quadrangular section in the form of a transept, notable for having greater dimension than the sections of the ship. The entire church is covered with star ribbed vaults, which gives unity to the whole. 

In elevation, internally the walls are smooth covered by a white plaster on which the painted roofs simulating ashlars, and the nerves, arches and supports attached to the walls made of granite stone stand out. Only the walls of the head and previous section are crossed by an impost that extends to the height of the tops of the capitals, with a profile made up of a simple outline. 

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The lighting is done through five openings distributed irregularly along the walls of the church. Three in the head, one in the central section, currently blinded to the outside and hidden by the altarpiece inside, two in the north and south canvases of the main chapel, formed by a small semicircular hole sheltered by a semicircular arch with a sharp edge , with marked interior and exterior spillage on a sloping base; the bay located to the south was renovated in the XNUMXth century. Two other windows are located in the first and third sections of the south wall of the nave, constituted by a semicircular hole sheltered by a semicircular arch with a pronounced spill decorated with a succession of concave moldings, and in some cases with a baquetón that is It extends along the jambs as columns to rest on polygonal bases. At the northern end of the wall of the feet there is a narrow semicircular opening sheltered by an arch in pronounced overflow decorated by a succession of concave moldings. 

The star-ribbed vaults all have the same design, which provides a continuous and uniform structure. They are made up of cross ribs, terceletes and cross ties in the center of the terceletes that extend to the vertex of the forming arches and girdles. The vault that covers the head is accommodated to the polygonal plan drawing half of an eight-pointed star, formed by six cross ribs, five tercelets and links that start from the central key to the vertex of the tercelets, the axis extending up to the vertex of the entrance arch, thus generating six keys, the central one formed by a large piece drilled in its center and decorated with the characteristic balls; the minor keys are decorated with bunches of grapes. 

The plementery is made of brick arranged on the edge (brick screw vaults), while the nerves are made of granite added to the shell of the vault by the intrados (false). The profile of the ribs is practically the same throughout the church, with small variations due to the different crews that intervened in the work. 

The arches and ribs rest on half columns attached to the walls, probably deliveries, which are broken up by drums of certain irregularity. The capitals of the columns of the head are formed by a small polygonal top with a bumpy profile, which is prolonged by the walls of the straight section and apse, and a short basket decorated with leaves of different types and somewhat rough treatment. The capitals corresponding to the columns of the nave show very slight variations with respect to those of the chevet: they are smaller in size and have a very short body of the capital decorated with leaf motifs, ending with another banded molding. The bases of the columns show the Attic version of the final Gothic, consisting of two banded moldings between which a slightly concave space of a certain height develops; These rest on a polygonal base that sits on a quadrangular pedestal from whose angles two bodies with a pyramidal profile emerge. The difference between those of the headboard and the nave lies in the reduction in the size of the body that is found between the two baquetones. The corbels where the nerves of the last section of the nave support, located at the angles, are semi-conical in profile, with a small semicircular abacus formed by a baquetón and a listel that leads to the field decorated with plant motifs, ending in a small piece muzzle and a ball. 

The main altar, which is accessed by a stone staircase, is quite high, which allows a crypt to be located below, while allowing better visibility of the faithful from anywhere in the temple. In the front there is a large Hispanic-Flemish altarpiece, dating from around 1500, which hides the two corbels on which the ribs of the vault rest and which, apparently, are decorated with two unidentified coats of arms. 

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