Blood donations are essential daily for the performance of multiple treatments and interventions. If you have never donated, you can start today. If you are already a donor: Remember that you can donate every two months. If you are a man up to a maximum of 4 times a year, if you are a woman, 3.
Follow the tracks
Donate Blood Regularly
What is blood?
It represents 1/13 of the total weight of the human body (5 liters in a person weighing 65 kg). It circulates through the arteries and veins, bright red in those and dark in these. 55% is a liquid called plasma in which various cells are suspended: Red blood cells (43%), white blood cells and platelets (2%) therefore, 55% is liquid part and 45% is solid part. In addition there is a gaseous part (oxygen, carbon dioxide, etc.).
It is a liquid composed of water, mineral salts and other substances necessary for the normal functioning of the body and in which the blood cells are suspended. Of great importance among these substances are proteins, fats and carbohydrates, as well as coagulation factors, essential to prevent bleeding.
Red blood cells or red blood cells
They are the most numerous blood cells, they contain hemoglobin that is responsible for their characteristic red color. They are formed in the bone marrow and carry oxygen from the lungs to the tissues. They have a half-life of four months. Each person has between 4.000.000 to 6.000.000 per cubic millimeter. The excess of red blood cells is called erythrocytosis. Red blood cell deficiency is called anemia.
white blood cells
They are less numerous than red blood cells. They are responsible for protecting the body against different microbes. A person has between 4.000 and 10.000 leukocytes per cubic millimeter. In case of infection, the number increases to improve defenses. They have a very short life, less than 24 hours.
They are the smallest blood cells. They intervene when there is a rupture of the blood vessels. They adhere quickly, forming a clot that stops the bleeding. We have between 150.000 and 400.000 per cubic millimeter. They have a half-life of 5 to 7 days outside of our body.
Where are blood cells made?
Blood cells are made in the bone marrow, which is the spongy tissue found inside the bones.
Blood donations collected in all public hospitals and mobile units arrive at the Transfusion Center where they are analyzed and subjected to a process called fractionation whereby each unit of blood is divided into its three components: red blood cells, platelets and plasma which will subsequently be transfused to up to three different people.
Units of donated blood undergo a centrifugation process to separate the three components.
All donations undergo the tests established by current regulations: determination of blood group and serological studies for the detection of HIV, hepatitis B and C, syphilis test and hematological count, in addition to a screening for the detection of the disease. of Chagas, Malaria or HTLV in some donations.
The next stage is to store the blood in order to distribute it to hospitals in the Community of Madrid according to their demands.
Did you know that...
Telephone: 91 3017249 Email: firstname.lastname@example.org
Organic Law 15/1999, of December 13, on the Protection of Personal Data (BOE nº 298, of September 14). See provision published in the Official State Gazette... >>
The consideration from the Ministry of Health of the Altruistic Donor as the active and main subject of this process, advised the creation in 2005 of the Blood Donor Attention Office, the first in Spain, integrated into the organic structure of the Transfusion Center Reporting directly to the Management and whose general objective is to offer a more personalized treatment to the donor, directly channeling their proposals and recommending the different actions in order to find the most agile and efficient solution.
In order to fulfill its purposes, the Blood Donor Service Office carries out the following activities, among others:
- Provide information to citizens on different issues: activities carried out by the Transfusion Center of the Community of Madrid, doubts or issues related to blood donation, the process that blood components follow from extraction to final use, donation points more next or blood groups most in need.
- Encourage the donor to participate in collective campaigns and spread their message of solidarity.
- Make known and contribute to the fulfillment of the rights of blood donors.
- Receive and process the Suggestions, Claims and Acknowledgments in relation to the act of blood donation.
- Establish forums for participation and debate on aspects related to donors and blood donation.
- Prepare satisfaction surveys.
- Issue reports on the adoption of measures that contribute to improving donor care.
- Monitor the collective blood donation campaigns carried out in the different collaborating entities, through timely contact with the donors and the people participating in the organization of the campaign.
In pursuance of Organic Law 15/1999, of December 13, on the Protection of Personal Data, which establishes rules and provisions in order to guarantee security with regard to the privacy of individuals and the confidentiality of information:
We inform you that, by virtue of the specific agreement between the Madrid Health Service, through the Transfusion Center and the Autonomous Committee of the Spanish Red Cross in the Community of Madrid, for the coordination of activities in terms of collection, extraction, processing and distribution of blood components, the donor files of both entities will be merged to give rise to a single file whose ownership will be the Transfusion Center of the Community of Madrid, which will manage and control blood donation in the Community of Madrid as established in Royal Decree 44/1988 by which said Center was created. In case you wish to exercise your rights of access, rectification, cancellation or opposition, write to the Transfusion Center of the Community of Madrid, at the following address Democracy Avenue s/n 28032 Madrid or in the following email email@example.com .
Royal Decree 1088 / 2005, of September 16, which establishes the technical requirements and minimum conditions for blood donation and transfusion centers and services ( BOE No. 225, of September 20) See provision published in the Official State Gazette... >>
SSI/795 Order, of May 24, which modifies Annex II of Royal Decree 1088/2005, of September 16, which establishes the technical requirements and minimum conditions for blood donation and transfusion centers and services (BOE No. 129, of May 28, 2016) See provision published in the Official State Gazette... >>
Decree 44 / 1988, of April 28, of the Governing Council, by which the Transfusion Center of the Community of Madrid is created. See provision in the Legislation Database of the Community of Madrid... >>
Royal Decree 1720 / 2007, of December 21, which approves the Regulations for the development of Organic Law 15/1999, of December 13, on the protection of personal data (BOE no. 17 of 19/01/2008). See provision published in the Official State Gazette... >>
Order SCO/322/2007, of February 9, of the Ministry of Health and Consumption, which establishes the requirements for traceability and notification of reactions and serious adverse effects of blood and blood components. See provision published in the Official State Gazette... >>