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General requirements for registration

What kind of name can I give my child? In case of being a foreigner, how does the order of name and surname work? Get all the necessary information here.

General requirements for birth registration

► In general, in the registration, the name given to the newborn will be expressed.


  • Keep in mind that you cannot designate more than a compound name no more than two simple.
  • A series of prohibitions related to the name are established, remaining prohibited the following names:

• Those who objectively harm to the person.
• Those who could confuse in identification of the person.
• Those that induce mistake about sex.


► Foreigners who they acquire Spanish nationality


  • El general criteria is that the name that appears on the foreign birth certificate must be recorded as the proper name, unless the factual use of another proper name is proven. The name that the interested party has been using must be kept, even if it is not in current use, which will be completed or changed if it violates the established norms.
  • The same rules apply to prohibitions than those generally established
  • In any case, if the name that appears on the foreign certification or the one used by the interested party is included in any of the prohibition cases, it must be replaced by another. adjusted to standards Spanish. will have to replace it by the one used habitually; failing that, by the person chosen by the interested party or his legal representative, and, ultimately, by an ex officio tax.
  • In the case of proper names that appear in different writing system to ours (Chinese, Japanese, etc.) will be entered through transcription or transliteration, so as to achieve a graphic adaptation and a phonetic equivalence. Also in proper names written with Latin characters, at the request of the interested party, spelling adaptations could be made to facilitate their writing and phonetics (for example, cases in which the original name had several consonants in a row).

Last Name

  • The foreigner who acquires Spanish nationality must be assigned the surnames determined by the affiliation, as established by the spanish law.
  • If this affiliation is known and if the parents have not agreed before registration to invert the order of the surnames, the first surname of the father and the as a second, the first of the personal of the mother, that is to say, in terms of the maternal surname, the attribution does not proceed from the one that she could, for example, acquire by marriage, but rather the one she had before her celebration.
  • Likewise, the law allows whoever acquires Spanish nationality, keep surnames held in a form other than the legal one, if so declared at the time of acquisition or in the two months following it or at the age of majority.
  • When the affiliation does not determine other surnames, the ones used by the interested party will be maintained.
  • In the case of foreigners who, according to their personal status, have only one surname attributed to them, when they are registered as Spanish, they must be stated Two surnames.
  • What has been said about names is valid for surnames, in terms of spelling and phonetic adaptations.
  • Regarding the change of name and surnames, once Spanish nationality has been acquired, they are governed by the spanish legislation. If they have availed themselves of the right to keep the surnames they held before acquiring Spanish nationality, they cannot subsequently avail themselves of the possibility of reversing the order of the surnames.


► When the birth registration refers to foreign, in relation to the imposition of the name and surnames, the provisions of its personal law.