ACCELERATED VACCINATION SCHEDULE
Any person who does not receive the vaccines included in the official vaccination schedule at the recommended age becomes undervaccinated or incorrectly vaccinated for their age and, therefore, has an increased risk of the diseases they are trying to prevent.
There are different reasons that can lead to this situation, as it happens in people from countries with different vaccination schedules to that of the Community of Madrid, people who have started the vaccination guidelines but have not completed them or people who have not received any dose of vaccine or it is unknown if it has been administered to them.
When it is detected that this has occurred in children or adolescents, accelerated vaccination guidelines are applied, in which several vaccines are administered in the shortest possible time to achieve adequate protection against diseases. In these cases, it is likely that the health professional will indicate the simultaneous administration of several vaccines.
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Adults with incomplete vaccination or not vaccinated in childhood should complete the vaccination schedule according to the vaccination schedule for life.
For some diseases, the vaccination correction has no age limit, as occurs with tetanus and diphtheria. For others, vaccination is recommended when the person has not had the disease and is not immunized, as occurs with measles and rubella.
VACCINATION IN RISK GROUPS
There are certain situations that increase the risk of illnesses or complications caused by vaccine-preventable infections, such as immunosuppression, certain chronic diseases, social situations or work environments.
It is essential that these people receive the vaccines appropriate to their risk condition and for this there are specific vaccination schedules by age group. It is also important to review and update the vaccination status of people who regularly live with immunosuppressed people.
In these cases, the health professional responsible for vaccination should be consulted, who will indicate the most appropriate vaccines in each situation.
Vaccines are effective and safe, however, there are some situations that require special attention, such as in people with a history of allergy to certain vaccine components, antibiotics, latex or eggs. These people may require special precautions in vaccination, so it is recommended to consult the responsible health personnel before administration.
Preterm birth is defined as one that occurs before the 37th week of pregnancy. This population is more vulnerable to infections due to the immaturity of the skin-mucous barrier and its immune system. For this reason, it must be vaccinated like the rest of the child population and it will be done according to its age. According to available studies, their response to vaccines is very similar to that of people born at term, between 37 and 40 weeks of pregnancy. If the newborn is hospitalized, vaccination is recommended, always following the recommendations of the responsible medical staff.
It is important to review the vaccination schedule of cohabiting people to promote a healthy family environment and ensure a protective environment for the baby.
I AM PREGNANT OR I THINK I MAY BE
It is important that a woman of childbearing age Keep your immunization schedule up to date. If possible, before the pregnancy, it will be reviewed and the missing vaccines will be administered to complete incorrect or not started guidelines.
The vaccination schedule for life includes prenatal vaccination. This allows protection against certain diseases, such as whooping cough or the flu, both for the pregnant woman and for the baby. In addition, according to medical evaluation, the woman may need additional vaccinations.
In the event that a international travel During pregnancy, you should consult your International Vaccination Center.
All live virus vaccines such as MMR or varicella are generally contraindicated. Both vaccines, if necessary, could be given after delivery, since they do not interfere with breastfeeding.