In the Community of Madrid, the Courts for Violence against Women have jurisdiction in the judicial district to which they belong.
They are assigned the following functions:
They are aware of the investigation of certain crimes committed against whoever is or has been a wife, or woman, linked to the perpetrator by a similar affective relationship, even without cohabitation, or against some members of the family group when gender violence has also occurred.
They decide on the adoption of protection orders for victims in cases of gender violence, without prejudice to the powers attributed to the Duty Court.
They hold misdemeanor trials and carry out their sentences.
They deal with certain matters related to the family sphere (separation or divorce, guardianship and custody of children, alimony claims, etc.) linked to situations of gender violence.
In those districts where there are no Courts for Violence against Women with exclusive jurisdiction, only one of the existing Courts of First Instance and Investigation or Investigation assumes its functions.
The Community of Madrid has 23 Courts for Violence against Women with exclusive jurisdiction.